Gemstone Education

About Gemstones

Gemstones in their many shades of color have fascinated mankind for thousands of years. The mesmerizing shades of precious gemstones span the color spectrum and beyond. From the rich hues of glamorous rubies, emeralds and sapphires to the milky color flashes of opulent opal. From Tanzanite's blue, violet and brown tones to mystical allure of midnight Onyx - the personalities of gemstones are as alluring and different as the people that wear them.

Once colored gemstones were divided into two categories - Precious gemstones, which included rubies, emeralds and sapphires and Semi-precious, all other colored gems. Today though all colored gemstones are called 'precious' - no longer is one believed to be more precious than the other. While the big three (Rubies, Emeralds and Sapphires) are the most well-known, they're by no means the most rare or expensive - gemstones such as Alexandrite, Tanzanite, Aquamarine, even rare Tourmalines can command very high prices.

Gemstones though aren't just about color. The ancients attributed magical, mystical powers to each stone, and believed that many of them could cure specific ailments. Even today many gemstones are used in healing methods- a truly multi-purpose gem. From a stunning jewel - to a source of health - find out which gemstone suits your soul and just what powers your birthstone holds.

At Wellington & Co we carry a large variety of the most popular and beautiful gemstones available. Additionally, through our vast supply channels, we have access to beautiful and exotic gemstones. Come in and talk to one of our experts for more information.



Celebrated in the Bible and in ancient Sanskrit writings as the most precious of all gemstones, rubies have been the prized possession of emperors and kings throughout the ages. Ruby is one of the most historically significant colored stones. Ruby's inner fire has been the inspiration for innumerable legends and myths, and to this day, no red gemstone can compare to its fiery, rich hues. It was believed wearing a fine red ruby bestowed good fortune on its owner.



Sapphire has been beloved for centuries as the ultimate blue gemstone. The ancient Persian rulers believed that the earth rested on a giant sapphire and its reflection colored the heavens blue. Indeed, the very name in Latin, "Sapphiru," means blue. Sapphire is a member of the Corundum family and comes in every color, but when it is red it is referred to as ruby. One of the most valuable colors of sapphire is Cornflower blue, also known as Kashmir sapphire. It is the birthstone for September.



Emerald is the most famous member of the Beryl family. It is the birthstone for May since the color reflects new spring growth. It is also the gemstone that is given for the twentieth and thirty-fifth wedding anniversaries. Emerald is a 7.5-8 in hardness on the Moh’s scale, making it a suitable stone for all jewelry types.



The very name aquamarine brings to mind the limpid, clear blue tint of the sea. Aquamarine is the blue variety of the Beryl family. It is a 7.5-8 in hardness on the Moh’s scale, making it an excellent stone for all types of jewelry. It is one of the birthstones for the month of March. Aquamarine was long thought to have a soothing influence on married couples, making it a good anniversary gift.



Revered as a symbol of hope, fidelity, and purity, opal was dubbed the Queen of Gems by the ancient Romans because it encompassed the colors of all other gems. Opal is prized for its unique play of color, the ability to diffract light into flashes of rainbow color.



Garnet traces its roots to the Nile Delta in 3100 B.C., where Egyptian artisans would craft the gemstone into beads or inlay them into hand-wrought jewelry. Garnet received its name from the ancient Greeks because the color reminded them of the "granatum," or pomegranate seed.



Quartz is found in abundance from every corner of the earth. In its purest form, quartz is colorless, but is most prized for its purple variety- amethyst. Purple has long been considered a royal color, so it is not surprising that amethyst has been so much in demand throughout history. Fine amethysts are featured in the British Crown Jewels and were also a favorite of Catherine the Great and Egyptian royalty. Great thinkers like Leonardo da Vinci believed that amethyst could dissipate evil thoughts and quicken the intelligence.



Pearls are unique in the world of colored gemstones since they are the only gemstone formed within a living creature. Because natural pearls are so rare and difficult to recover from the ocean's depths, man invented the technique of culturing salt and freshwater pearls from mollusks carefully seeded with irritants similar to those produced by nature. The painstaking effort of culturing is one of the most dramatic examples of man's quest to coax beauty from nature.



Peridot is treasured in Hawaii as the goddess Pele's tears. The island of Oahu even has beaches made out of tiny grains of peridot. Although Hawaii’s volcanoes have produced some peridot large enough to be cut into gemstones, virtually all peridot sold in Hawaii today is from Arizona, another state with extreme geology.



Tanzanite is an exotic, vivid blue, kissed by purple hues. Tanzanite was discovered in 1967 in Merelani, Tanzania. It was named by Henry Platt, the president of Tiffany & Co. It was named after the place of discovery and is the blue-violet variety of Zoisite. It is considered the most important gemstone discovery in 2,000 years.



The name Topaz comes from Sanskrit and means fire. During the Middle Ages, it was believed that Topaz had the power to heal both mental and physical disorders and even prevent death. Ancient Greeks believed that it had the power to increase strength and make the wearer invisible, the Romans believed that it improved eyesight, and the ancient Egyptians wore it as an amulet to prevent injury.



Named from the French word for lemon, "citron" since citrine has a juicy lemon color. In ancient times, citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. Sunny and affordable, citrine can brighten almost any jewelry style, blending especially well with the yellow gleam of polished gold.

Anniversary Gemstones

Each anniversary can be represented by a gift of gemstones or a metal used in jewelry. Use this anniversary gemstone list below to find the perfect gift for your wedding anniversary. You can also browse our anniversary gift ideas to find the perfect gift and make this year as happy and memorable as all the years you've shared together.